Tea plant belongs to the species Camellia. In China, Camelia Sinensis, in India, Camelia Assamica. The traditional regions of growth are the countries of South-East Asia (India, Indo-China).
It is widely cultivated in India, China, Japan, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Africa. The most ancient proformas of the tea plant are discovered in South-West China (Yunnan province) and in the areas of Upper Burma and Northern Indo-China (Vietnam) adjacent to it. In this area of South-East Asia, with benign nature, there are ideal conditions for tea plant growth and cultivation.
In those areas all the year round the atmosphere is like the one we got used to observing only inside botanic gardens’ orchard-houses: hot, humid, the warm air is filled with evaporations and is practically tangible. In these conditions, tea plant grows exuberantly all the year round.
It is covered with a number of relatively big coriaceous dark green leaves and provides the new sprouts continuously all the year round. The move to the North the tea tree moved, the smaller its size became, the more it resembled the bush, the smaller and thicker the tea leaf became, the more rarely – three, two or once a year, only in spring, – the new leaves appeared on the tea bush.